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Old Town Lunenburg UNESCO World Heritage Site

Joggins fossil cliffs UNESCO World Heritage Site

Downtown Halifax

Landscape of Grand Pré UNESCO World Heritage Site

Bay of Fundy - world's highest tides

Bluenose II - Canada's Sailing Ambassador

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Nova Scotia, Canada’s ocean playground


With over 7,400 km of coastline, the province’s mainland is the Nova Scotia peninsula surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Fundy and the Northumberland Strait, as well as numerous bays and estuaries. No matter where you are in the province, you are never more than 67 km (42 mi) from the ocean. Cape Breton Island, a large island to the northeast of the Nova Scotia mainland, is part of the province, as well as Sable Island, a small island notorious for its shipwrecks and wild ponies, approximately 175 km (110 mi) from the province’s southern coast.


Nova Scotia was home to the Mi’kmaq people when French colonists arrived and established Port Royal as the first European settlement in North America north of Florida in 1605. Almost 150 years later, the first English and German settlers arrived with the founding of Halifax in 1749. The first Scottish migration was on the Ship Hector in 1773 and then the first Black migration happened after the American Revolution in 1783. In 1867, Nova Scotia was one of the four founding provinces of the Canadian Confederation.


The province is home to Cape Breton Island, ranked #1 island in North America and #3 island in the world by Travel & Leisure Magazine. The Cabot Trail, a 298 km (185 mi) driving destination on Cape Breton Island is rated as one of the world’s best road trips by Lonely Planet. There are numerous National Historic Sites, including the Habitation at Port Royal, the Fortress of Louisbourg and Citadel Hill in Halifax, the iconic Peggy’s Cove, and three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Town of Lunenburg, Joggins Fossil Cliffs and the newly inducted Landscape of Grand Pré.


The province shares the Bay of Fundy with New Brunswick, globally voted Canada’s Top Natural Wonder, and home to the highest tides in the world.


Whether you’re an urbanite wanting to shop and pamper yourself, a history buff interested in our heritage, a foodie in search of the best seafood, or an outdoorsman excited to begin a new adventure, Nova Scotia has something spectacular for you.